Never Repeat a Phrase the Same Way Twice

Never Repeat a Phrase the Same Way Twice

Photo by Jakir Khan on Unsplash

Or Never Play a Repeated Phrase the Same Way Twice


I’ve been playing the guitar off and on since the 1990’s, and then playing classical guitar seriously since 2009. I notice early on that I can’t sing for anything. Basically, no one likes my voice. When it comes to making a joyful noise, the “noise” is qualified. Hence, once classical guitar was discovered, I was addicted to it and instrumental music. However, with that discovery, I realized that instrumental music can get boring rather quickly. So, how do you write instrumental music or play instrumental music and keep it interesting?

The Song that Never Ends

There is a song that never ends. It goes on and on, my friend… etc. Many songs in our day are highly repetitive. In pop music, hip-hop, rock, metal, once you have a phrase or three, you pretty much have the music to the whole song. Then comes the arrangement. There’s a reason that this style of music is so “popular,” it works. The record companies have the formula’s figured out. This is not to bash popular music, but to say that this formula doesn’t necessary work in instrumental music. To add a caveat to that, some of the instrumental pop music does work, but there’s a reason for that and it’s the same in classical or instrumental music: variation.

Variation is the Key

Variation is the key in keeping music interesting. Even if the music is the same, as in the case of most pop music, varying the arrangement can keep the listeners attention, and in this day and age, a listener’s attention can be measured in Nano seconds. So how do we as instrumentalist keep our compositions and pieces interesting? There are several approaches and these can be combined and changed as need. This is not an exhaustive list, but can include: Motifs, Tone and color, dynamics, and arrangement.


A Motif is “a single or repeated design or pattern.” ( It could be a short melody that is repeated and varied within a phrase. I have a song, “Mourning for the Garden” (soon to be released, I hope), that has a seven-note motif that’s repeat all over the fretboard within different chords that creates a musical landscape that is still connected to the piece. The music itself doesn’t change “direction”, but flows, sort a like a river with bends and twists and turns. A Motif is more a pattern of notes than a repeating of notes. Or maybe better put, a pattern of intervals playing the same rhythm rather than a repeating of the same notes. Okay, I probably need to write a post on Motifs.

Tone and Color

Tone and Color are the ones that many guitarists have forgotten these days. As you play your phrase you can vary your sound by changing your hand position. Rotating the hand slightly forward can bring in a “thinner” sound as well as moving the right-hand position closer to the bridge. You hear this a lot in classical guitar music. It’s not my favorite sound on the guitar, but used wisely, it can vary the sound of your phrase.

Conversely, by rotating the hand to have a more “flesh-on” approach (as the flesh of the finger connects with the string before the nail does) will give your sound a more mellow tone. You can also play closer to the fretboard for this type of sound. Each of these will affected the sound being produced from the guitar in different ways. Experiment to see what sounds interest you.


In the same way, Dynamics can vary your sound. You can play the phrase through the first time at a normal volume and the second time in a slightly quieter volume or even change the volume as you move though the phrase. While many times, in music, the highest note receives the loudest volume, this can be varied to express what the music is trying to say.


As in many pop songs, arrangement is another element that keeps the listener engaged in the music. Many phases in classical and instrumental music are only repeated two to three times, if that. Changing the arrangement can keep help the listener track with you. There could be a short pause in a phrase, or you could play the same melody again with an arpeggio added, or the melody in the bass, or even double-stops in the melody as it is played the second time through. There are so many variations and variations keep music, especially instrumental music, interesting.


All of this can convey emotion. Sometimes it can leave us feeling a bit flat. Music is spiritual and emotional. I may want you to feel the joy and excitement of what the piece was written about. I may want you to feel the heaviness of unhappy occasion. The trick to this is to tell the story that the music is trying to convey with the tools that we have that takes our listeners on the spiritual journey or to tells that emotional story.

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